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Friday, 14 September 2018

Export Declaration Document


The export declaration document provides information on the same,  and address of the principal involved in the contract, the destination of the goods, a full description and declared value of the goods. The export declaration document which is usually presented at the origin of the export is for export control.

It is significant in International Marketing because as a document used to maintain a statistical measures of the quantity of goods shipped aboard, it provides a means of determining whether regulations are being met. As stated above,  it serves as the principal means of control for regulatory agencies to ensure that international best practice are compiled with in International Marketing.

CERTIFICATE OF ORIGIN
The certificate of origin specifies the nature of quality or value of goods etc. Together with their place of manufacture. Such a declaration starting the country of origin of the goods shipped is required by some countries often to simplify their customs duties. It is often incorporated in the customs invoice inns minority of cases. The declaration had to be authenticated by a chamber of commerce. It could also incorporate the selling price of the goods termed the current domestic value  (CDV) in which case it is likely to be embraced in the invoice.
The certificate of origin is also required when the  merchandise is imported to a country that allows preferential duties on british goods or when to trade agreement. In order that goods from united kingdom may enjoy the lower schedule of duties, the custom authorities of importing country must be satisfied as to the value of the goods and they  substantially represent british labour and british materials.  details of the two types of certificate of origin of giving below:

Those issued by the arab british chamber of commerce and required by the 18 countries of arab league. It is a three-part document and must be completed in typescript by the exporter without any images of supremeosed  corrections. It is mandatory in a country of importation and or the requirements of the contract of sale or letter of credit. documentary proof of origin must also be submitted usually the manufacturers invoice with appropriate origin declarations.

EC certificate of origin is required in all other cases where this document is prescribed as a condition for important. It is a three part document complete by the agent or exporter in typescript without any erasure or superimposed corrections.  It is issued by an accredited chamber of commerce. It is important the certificate of origin is signed and worked exactly as specificied in the credit forms. From the foregoing, it is obvious that certificate of origin is required in the importing country and state the country of origin of the goods. It is very significant in International Marketing considering the fact that it is required to simplify custom duties and to determine the appropriate duties chargeable.

BILL OF LADING
The bill of lading is the most important documents required for establishing legal ownership and facilitating financial transactions. A bill of lading is a shipping document issued to the exporter or its bank for a common carrier that ships the goods. It is a receipt for goods shipped on board a vessel. it is signed by the carrier or his agent, stating the conditions of the goods on delivery and receipt by the vessel. Besides serving as a receipt from the carrier for the goods received from shipment, it is also serves as a contract for shipment between the carrier and the exporter. There are different type of bill lading. One of the most important ones is the negotiable bill of lading which makes possible the transfer of goods by the transfer of the bill. It contains the word or his or their assigns . The non negotiable bill of lading are delivering straight to a consignee who cannot transfer the bill. A cluased or uncluased bill of lading includes a statement that the goods were received in good order as stated, while  claused on bills or unclean  or foul indicate that something about the good received from shipment was not in order, example inadequate parking, wet torn cartoons etc.

Another bill of lading represents goods in transit that are readily marketable and fully insured. These documents is generally considered to be good collateral by banks.  it is required under letter of credit financing and for discounting drafts.

COMMERCIAL INVOICE
A commercial invoice contains an authoritive description of the merchandise shipped,  including full details on quality, grades, price per unit and total value. It also contains the name and addresses of the exporter and the importer,the number of packages, any distinguished external marks, the names of vessel, the ports of departure and destination and any required export or importer permits numbers. It is required in any international transaction. It is one of the financial documents needed for international commercial payment. It is required in some countries for clearing the goods at the customs.

CONSULAR INVOICE
A counslar invoice is a form of export invoice and is particularly mandatory for goods shipped to countries with the valorem import duties.  It must be certified,  when completed, by a consular officer of the country to which the goods are shipped at a fee based on a percentage of the commercial invoice value of the goods. It can serve as circumstances as a certificate of origin.  This invoice,  which varies in its details and information varies from national to nation, is presented to the local consultant in exchange for visa. The form needs to be filled carefully, for even trivial inaccuracies can lead to substantiatial fines and delays in customs clearance. It does not convey any title to the goods being shipped and it's not negotiable. Some countries requires consular invoices obtained from the country's consulate and returned with two to eight copies in the language of the country, along with copies of other required documents e.g. (import licence, commercial invoice and or bill of lading), before certificate is granted.

INSURANCE POLICY OR CERTIFICATE.
It is used by the insurer and comes in a standard form covering the customer's risk for any voyage or flight. Usually, most export shipments are insured and it is required by the method of payment or the terms of sale. The most of insurance contracts used today are under an open or floating policy. These policies automatically coveres all shipment made by the exporter, thereby eliminating the need for arranging individual insurance for each shipment. To evidence insurance for shipment under an open policy, the exporter makes out and insurance certificate on forms supplied by the insurance company. This certificate contains Information on the goods shipped. All entries confirm exactly with the information in the bill of lading, in the commercial invoice and where required, in the consular invoice.

BILL OF EXCHANGE.
A bill of exchange is required for now account sales. It is an unconventional order in writing, addressed by one person to another, signed by the person giving it, requiring the person to whom it is addressed to pay on demand, or at a fixed or determinable future time, a certain sum in money to, or to the order of a specified person or bearer. It can be sight bill which demand that payment to be made on demand or on presentation or on arrival or on tenor (usance) bill, the is payment is to be made at a fixed or determinable future date from the sight or date of the fact.

There are principal types of bill exchange: documents against acceptance da meaning that the importer accept the documents giving title to the goods and signed a bill of exchange drawn on them which is the brunette a given date. With this form of bill of exchange a certain amount of determined can be attached to payments while making a certain as possible the fact that the importer will pay.
 documents against payment dp which means that the importer is obliged to pay before the documents are released to him. From the above explanation of each function and meaning, it is clear that the bill of exchange facilitates payment activity in international marketing.

EXPORT LICENCE
This is an authority granting permission to an exporter to carry on export activities legally. An expert licence is required for the certification of an export declaration document. It is also required for obtaining a consular invoice where a country requires import licence for goods entering the country.

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